Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal tunnel Syndrome

Condition in which the median nerve is compressed as it passes into the hand.
Median nerve is situated on the palm side of your hand (also called the carpal tunnel).

Offering sensation (ability to feel) to your thumb, index finger, long finger, and part of the ring finger. It supplies the impulse to the muscle going to the thumb. Carpal tunnel syndrome can happen in one or both of your hands.

Swelling inside your wrist for any reason reasons causes carpal tunnel syndrome. It can result into numbness, weakness, and tingling on the side of your hand especially near the thumb.

Causes:

The pain in your carpal tunnel is due to surplus pressure in your wrist and on the median nerve. Inflammation can cause swelling.

The most common reason for this inflammation is an original medical disorder that causes swelling in the wrist and sometimes clogged blood flow. Conditions related to carpal tunnel syndrome are:

1) Diabetes
2) Thyroid dysfunction
3) Fluid retention from pregnancy or menopause
4) High blood pressure
5) Autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis
6) Fractures or trauma to the wrist

Carpal tunnel syndrome can be made worse if the wrist is overstretched repeatedly. The recurrent motion of your wrist contributes to swelling and compression of the median nerve. This may be the result of:

1) Placing of your wrists while using your keyboard or mouse
2) Continuous exposure to vibrations from using hand-tools or power-toolsany recurrent motion that overstretches your wrist, such as playing the piano or typing
Symptoms:

The symptoms are commonly established along the nerve path because of compression of the median nerve. Your hand may “fall asleep” repeatedly and drop objects.

Other symptoms include:
1) numbness, tingling, and pain in your thumb and the first three fingers of your hand
2) pain and burning that travels up your arm
3) wrist pain at night that interferes with sleep
4) weakness in the muscles of the hand
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Treatment:

using a combination of your medical history, a physical examination, and tests called nerve conduction studies.

A physical examination comprises of a detailed assessment of your hand, wrist, shoulder, and neck to check for any other aspects causing the nerve pressure.

Nerve conduction studies are diagnostic tests that can measure the conduction speed of your nerve impulses. If the nerve impulse is slower than normal as the nerve passes into the hand, you may have carpal tunnel syndrome.

Treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome be initiated by on how severe your pain and symptoms are and if there is a weakness

Nonsurgical options include:
1) Avoiding positions that overextend your wrist
2) Wrist splints that hold your hand in a neutral position, especially at night
3) Mild pain medication and medications to reduce inflammation
4) Treatment of any underlying conditions you may have, such as diabetes or arthritis
5) Steroid injections into your carpal tunnel area to reduce inflammation

Surgery may be essential if there’s austere damage to your median nerve. Surgery for carpal tunnel syndrome includes wounding the band of tissue in the wrist that crosses the median nerve so as to diminish the compression on your nerve. Factors that regulate the success or failure are the age of the patient, duration of symptoms, diabetes mellitus, and if there is faintness (which usually is a late sign). The result is usually good.

Prevention:

You can avert carpal tunnel syndrome by creating lifestyle changes that lessen your risk factors for developing it.

Treating conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and arthritis lessens your risk of developing carpal tunnel syndrome.

Paying cautious attention to hand posture and avoiding activities that overstretch your wrist are also significant approaches for reducing symptoms. Physical therapy exercises may be co-operative as well.

Who is at risk?

Women are three times more possible to have carpal tunnel syndrome than men. Carpal tunnel syndrome is the utmost frequently diagnosed between the ages of 30 and 60..

Lifestyle aspects that may upsurge the danger for carpal tunnel syndrome include smoking, high salt intake, sedentary lifestyle, and a high body mass index (BMI) featuring obesity.

Jobs that involve repetitive wrist movement include:
1) Manufacturing
2) Assembly line work
3) Keyboarding occupations
4) Construction work
People hired in these professions may be at greater risk of evolving carpal tunnel syndrome.
The time period of cure:

The patient cannot expect a full fledged cure, but can use simple techniques like applying ice to the area for about 10 to 15 minutes can ease the condition.

Conclusion:

Treating your carpal tunnel syndrome timely with physical therapy and lifestyle changes can lead to substantial long-term development, and abolish symptoms.

Thoughimprobable, untreated carpal tunnel syndrome can lead to everlasting nerve damage, disability, and loss of hand function.