Understanding Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a joint inflammation that is caused by cartilage degeneration. It can also be caused due to heredity,aging, and injury due to any serious trauma or illness. Osteoarthritis is typical arthritis that causes the breakdown and eventual loss of the cartilage of one or more joints. Cartilage is a proteinaceous substance that supports as a “soft-cushion” between the joints of the bones. Osteoarthritis is the most common joint disease among the other arthritis.


Primary (idiopathic) osteoarthritis, osteoarthritis caused due to the result of natural aging and usage of joints beyond limits and it is not caused by injury or disease. With aging, the water content of the cartilage ascends, and the proteinaceous cover lining of cartilage degenerates due to biologic processes.

Eventually, cartilage tends to lose its quality by flaking or forms tiny crevices. In osteoarthritis, sometimes, complete loss of the cartilage cushion occurs between the bones of the nodal joints. Continuous use of the worn nodal joints over the years can mechanically and functionally irritate and inflame the cartilage, causing nodal joint acute pain and swelling. Cartilage cushion function is lost eventually which causes friction between the bones, resulting in pain and restriction of joint potency. Inflammation of the cartilage also induces new bone outgrowths (spurs also named as osteophytes) to form around the joints.

Osteoarthritis can develop between the members of the same family, indicating a hereditary (genetic) condition. Osteoarthritis is therefore felt to be a result of a combination of each of the above factors that ultimately lead to a narrowing of the cartilage in the affected joint.

The most occurring and major symptom of osteoarthritis is the pain in the affected nodal joints of bone due to repetitive use. Minor symptoms of osteoarthritis.
Swollen joints very rarely – Due to excessive irritation/Severe Advanced Disease
Joint stiffness
Joint creaking and Loss of range of motion.
The blood test is usually not conducted during diagnosis of Osteoarthritis.
The ultimate relief expected by treating Osteoarthritis is the reduction of joint pain and inflammation during joint motion.
Physical Activity:

One of the most advantageous ways to reduce OApain is to get moving. While it may be rigid to think of exercise when the joints upset, moving is considered an important part of the treatment plan. Readings show that modest activities like walking nearby the neighborhood or taking an entertainment, easy exercise class can lessen pain and help keep (or attain) a strong weight.

Firming exercises shape muscles around OA-affected joints, enabling the ease of burden on those joints and reducing pain. Range-of-motion exercise helps maintain and recover joint flexibility and lessen stiffness. Aerobic exercise helps to increase stamina and energy levels and also help to diminish surplus weight.
Surplus weight adds extra pressure to weight-bearing joints, such as the hips, knees, feet, and back. Dropping weight can assist people with OA diminish pain and limit the further joint damage. The basic law for dropping weight is to eat fewer calories and raise physical activity.


Sluggish, mild stretching of joints may recover flexibility, lower stiffness and decrease pain. Workouts such as yoga and tai chi are great ways to reduce stiffness.

Pain and Anti-inflammatory Medications:
Medicines for osteoarthritis include:
Analgesics. These are pain relievers and comprise of acetaminophen, opioids (narcotics) and a different opioid called tramadol. They are available over-the-counter or by instruction.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). These are the sparingly used drugs to comfort soreness and related pain.
NSAIDs comprise of ibuprofen, naproxen, and celecoxib. They are accessible over-the-counter or by prescription.
Corticosteroids. Corticosteroids are dominant anti-inflammatory drugs. They are taken by mouth or shoot up directly into a joint at a private clinic office.
Hyaluronic acid. Hyaluronic acid occurs naturally in joint fluid, performing as a shock absorber and lubricant. However, the acid seems to break down in people with osteoarthritis. The injections are done in a doctor’s office.
Physical and Occupational Therapy:
Physical and occupational therapists can provide a range of treatment options for pain management including:
Ways to properly use joints
Heat and cold therapies
The range of motion and flexibility exercises
Assistive devices

Natural and Alternative Therapies:
Many people with OA use usual or alternative therapies to address indications and recover their overall well-being. These include nutritious complements, acupuncture or acupressure, massage, relaxation methods and hydrotherapy, among others.
Joint surgery can overhaul or substitute severely damaged joints, particularly hips or knees. A doctor will mention an eligible patient to an orthopedic surgeon to execute the method.
Positive Attitude:
Many studies have confirmed that a positive viewpoint can boost the immune system and upsurge a person’s aptitude to handle pain.
Time Duration of procedure:
It is a lifetime process. On other hand, it can be said that when you feel the reduction in pain you can stop. But you cannot prevent it from coming again. Certain medicines prescribed by doctors also work well in the reduction of pain.
Who are all prone to disease:
Osteoarthritis occurs as we age. Men tend to get it at the age of 45 and women after the age of 55. East Indians have lower rates. Whereas other parts of India it is high.
Precautions during and after the treatment:
Always keep in mind that osteoarthritis exercise lessens your joint pain. Reduced pain means a superior ability to conduct your daily life with comfort. Later exercise the joint may pain more. You have to step back to take help of cold and hot treatment to dismiss pain before you start your work out. You have to pay attention to your body. If you feel uncommon pain then you should talk to your health coach. It may be a mark of damage.
You should never over exercise yourself and take pauses whenever you feel weary. If the joints show inflammation after the workout you should rest them. If after resting the pain does not go away then try and take help of assistive auxiliary devices such as braces or splinters. That will assist you to guard your joints while workouts.
If you notice swelling and pain in the joints after you finish your exercise put on some ice on the joints. It assists to diminish the swelling and pain of the joints.
Always talk to your doctor before you start your exercise regime.
The person with osteoarthritis has to do aerobic exercise that will help build cardiovascular muscles. Swimming is the best exercise as it does not put much pressure on the joints.
Weightlifting exercise helps to strengthen the muscles and flexibility exercises help the joints.
What kind of osteoarthritis exercise one can do depends on where the osteoarthritis has struck. If one’s hands are affected then the person cannot do any exercise that requires a tight grip such as cycling. If the pain does not go away 2 hours after you finish your exercise, it indicates that maybe you are overdoing it. So find your tolerance limit and work out within that limit.
Here are few you things you can follow to prevent osteoarthritis:
Manage your weight
Exercise regularly
Avoid injuries and get them treated
Eat right
Since OA is normally a slow progressing ailment, the diagnosis comes in gradually also. But, treatment can be preventive. Exercising daily keeps the joints adaptable.
A sufficient amount of rest permits the joints to recuperate after a day filled with exercises.